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Issue: May 2023

Volume 8 | Issue 5

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Paper Title: Role of transvaginal ultrasound in diagnosis of female infertility
Authors Name: Vandana Mourya , Mukesh Prasad Kushwaha , Anupama Sharma , Himanshu Shah
Unique Id: IJSDR2305019
Published In: Volume 8 Issue 5, May-2023
Abstract: Infertility is defined as failure to conceive a desired pregnancy after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. Approximately 10% of married couples are infertile. Males and females are equally affected. Ultrasound is a useful and first line investigation tool available to assess the causes of female infertility and to institute some of the treatments used to ameliorate infertility. Ultrasound is an effective, safe, inexpensive, radiation free, non-invasive tool, readily available, easy to use and easily repeatable approach to evaluate female infertility worldwide. It improves the quality of care provided in female infertility workup by facilitating rapid diagnosis and the visualization of changes in female reproductive physiology required to direct therapy. Ultrasound is the most widely used method of imaging in gynecology and has revolutionized the management of female infertility worldwide. Aims and Objectives: 1. To study the normal pelvic organ anatomy. 2. To study the various uterine, ovarian and tubal causes in patients presented with infertility and menstrual irregularity. Methodology: This is a prospective observational study was conducted in Department of radiology, National Medical College & teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Parsa Nepal for the 6 month duration in the patients presented with the primary or secondary subfertility (Infertility). Patients included in this was of reproductive age group 21 years to 40 years with ethical clearance from the Institutional Review Committee of National Medical College and after obtaining informed consent of the patient. Ultrasound Assessment: All ultrasound assessments was performed using the same machine Logiq P7 with transabdominal approach by 4 MHz transduced and transvaginal approach by 8MHz TVS transducer. Data processing and analysis was done by using SPSS version 26 and statistical tests applied are count, percentage, mean, median and standard deviation. Findings was presented as table, bar diagrams and pie-charts. Result Ultrasonography (USG) (mainly transvaginal/endovaginal) It is the first-line investigation. It is readily available, inexpensive, noninvasive, radiation-free, relatively less time consuming, and easily repeatable. USG helps in determining the morphology of the uterus and ovaries, uterine and ovarian perfusion, and endometrial thickness, volume, and vascularity. In our study 44 cases included in 6 month of duration of study who presented with menstrual irregularity, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia with infertility in the reproductive age group of 21-40 years. Most commonly cases seen in 26-30 years followed by 21-25 years of age group. Both primary and secondary infertility seen. Conclusion Evaluation of infertility is impossible without ultrasound assessment. This tool helps all radiologist to examine the pelvic organs (ovaries, uterus, fallopian tube, peritoneal cavity) and is used to prediction of ovulation, endometrial receptivity and many disorders that may affect infertility Key Words: Transvaginal Ultrasound ( TVS) , Infertility, Menstrual abnormality, Uterine cause, Ovarian cause PID and Space occupying lesion.
Keywords: Key Words: Transvaginal Ultrasound ( TVS) , Infertility, Menstrual abnormality, Uterine cause, Ovarian cause PID and Space occupying lesion.
Cite Article: "Role of transvaginal ultrasound in diagnosis of female infertility", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijsdr.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.8, Issue 5, page no.139 - 145, May-2023, Available :http://www.ijsdr.org/papers/IJSDR2305019.pdf
Downloads: 000222060
Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJSDR2305019
Registration ID:206033
Published In: Volume 8 Issue 5, May-2023
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 139 - 145
Publisher: IJSDR | www.ijsdr.org
ISSN Number: 2455-2631

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