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Paper Title: Onychomycosis: Dermatophytes and Yeasts to Non-dermatophytic moulds: a rising trend in Central India
Authors Name: Dr Nirmal Channe , Dr Swati Bhise , Dr. Neha Bawankar , Dr S.S. Zodpey (Shrikhande) , Dr Sunita Gajbhiye
Unique Id: IJSDR2212011
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 12, December-2022
Abstract: Background Onychomycosis is common infection in adults and accounts for 20 % of all nail diseases. It is rarely life threatening but can affect patient’s quality of life by associated morbidity and cosmetic disfigurement. The current study was undertaken to know the epidemiological and mycological aspects of onychomycosis. Methods Nail samples from clinically suspected cases of onychomycosis, were subjected to KOH examination and culture on Sabouraud’s Dextrose Agar. Results Infection was common in males with male to female ratio of 1.09. Young adults in age group of 31-40 years (30.58 %) were predominantly affected. Out of 291 specimen, 101 (34.71 %) were positive for fungal hyphae and spores by direct KOH preparation and 95 (32.65 %) revealed growth on culture. Onychomycosis was mostly caused by non-dermatophytic moulds (56.84 %), followed by yeasts (26.32 %) and dermatophytes (16.84 %). Aspergillus nidulans (14.74 %) and A. glaucus (7.37 %) were the most common moulds, Trichophyton tonsurans (6.32 %) and T.mentagrophytes (6.32 %) were the most common dermatophytes, while Candida albicans (14.74 %) was the most common yeast isolated. Conclusion Present study demonstrates a shift in agents causing onychomycoses from dermatophytes and yeasts to non-dermatophytic moulds
Keywords: Onychomycosis, Non-dermatophytic moulds, Trichophyton, Aspergillus nidulans.
Cite Article: "Onychomycosis: Dermatophytes and Yeasts to Non-dermatophytic moulds: a rising trend in Central India", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijsdr.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.7, Issue 12, page no.71 - 76, December-2022, Available :http://www.ijsdr.org/papers/IJSDR2212011.pdf
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Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJSDR2212011
Registration ID:202612
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 12, December-2022
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Page No: 71 - 76
Publisher: IJSDR | www.ijsdr.org
ISSN Number: 2455-2631

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