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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH
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ISSN Approved Journal No: 2455-2631 | Impact factor: 8.15 | ESTD Year: 2016
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Issue: November 2022

Volume 7 | Issue 11

Impact factor: 8.15

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Paper Title: Smoking: A Sinful Act for Periodontal Health
Authors Name: Dr. Shilpi Shah , Dr. Mishal Shah , Dr. Krishna Padheriya
Unique Id: IJSDR2211136
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 11, November-2022
Abstract: Cigarette smoking has long been suspected to be associated with a variety of oral conditions including periodontal diseases. The role of tobacco smoking as a risk factor in the progression of the periodontal disease process has long been suspected. Tobacco smoking increases the overall risk for severe periodontal disease by 2 to 8 times compared to non-smokers by affecting the gingival vasculature, the humoral immune system, and the cellular immune and inflammatory systems, and have effects throughout the cytokine and adhesion molecule network. Dental health professionals have the opportunity to become engaged in tobacco cessation whereby the ill effects of not only oral cancer and periodontal diseases, but many additional adverse health effects, can be prevented.
Keywords: Smoking, Tobacco, Risk Factor, Periodontal disease
Cite Article: "Smoking: A Sinful Act for Periodontal Health", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijsdr.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.7, Issue 11, page no.939 - 943, November-2022, Available :http://www.ijsdr.org/papers/IJSDR2211136.pdf
Downloads: 000150694
Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJSDR2211136
Registration ID:202706
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 11, November-2022
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 939 - 943
Publisher: IJSDR | www.ijsdr.org
ISSN Number: 2455-2631

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