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ISSN Approved Journal No: 2455-2631 | Impact factor: 8.15 | ESTD Year: 2016
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Issue: November 2022

Volume 7 | Issue 11

Impact factor: 8.15

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Paper Title: DIAGNOSTIC MODALITIES FOR PATIENT WITH THYROID NODULE IN A RURAL SETUP
Authors Name: Dr.Harish Mudashi , Dr.Dilip Khrishnarao Apturkar , Dr.Atreyee Sarkar , Dr.Nishita Maheshwari , Dr.Aishani Sadre
Unique Id: IJSDR2211046
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 11, November-2022
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Thyroid nodules are a common endocrine disease whose prevalence in India is approximately 12.2%. Thyroid nodules are typically found on physical examination or incidentally when other imaging studies are performed. Malignant or symptomatic nodules that compress nearby structures warrant surgical excision. Yet, the majority of thyroid nodules are asymptomatic and benign, so the thyroid surgeon must rely on diagnostic studies to determine when surgery is indicated. Ultrasound is currently the preferred imaging modality for thyroid nodules. Method: It was an observational study carried out on 48 patients of thyroid swellings admitted and were willing for intervention at a rural medical setup during October 2019 to September 2021. All patients were examined clinically after taking detailed history, age, sex, thorough clinical examination and the data was recorded. They were investigated with clinical, radiological (USG) and pathological (FNAC) parameters Intra operative surgical notes were recorded post-operative histopathology reports of the specimen were noted. Results: Thyroid disorders are more common in females rather than males with a male: female ratio of 1:11. The commonest presenting complaint is neck swelling (100%) followed by dysphagia (4.17%). Lymph nodes were seen in 6.25%. Most common diagnosis on ultrasonography was multinodular goiter (31.25%). Sensitivity of USG in diagnosing malignant thyroid lesion is 92.11% and specificity of USG is 50%. Conclusion: A careful physical examination along with relevant investigations like fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and ultrasonography (USG) are most helpful to reach an exact diagnosis and plan of management accordingly.  
Keywords: thyroid,USG,FNAC,TRIPPLE ASSESMENT,THYROIDECTOMY
Cite Article: "DIAGNOSTIC MODALITIES FOR PATIENT WITH THYROID NODULE IN A RURAL SETUP", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijsdr.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.7, Issue 11, page no.290 - 296, November-2022, Available :http://www.ijsdr.org/papers/IJSDR2211046.pdf
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Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJSDR2211046
Registration ID:202506
Published In: Volume 7 Issue 11, November-2022
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 290 - 296
Publisher: IJSDR | www.ijsdr.org
ISSN Number: 2455-2631

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