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Issue: August 2022

Volume 7 | Issue 8

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Authors Name: R. Nivesh Krishna , Bala Krishnan , Arvind S
Unique Id: IJSDR2107021
Published In: Volume 6 Issue 7, July-2021
Abstract: Impaction refers to the condition whereby the tooth fails to erupt and attain a proper level of occlusion. The procedures wherein the teeth cannot be removed only with the help of extraction forceps are considered to be difficult extraction procedures. Moreover, they require direct access and minimal reduction of the alveolar bone. Mandibular 3rd molars followed by maxillary canines are the most commonly impacted teeth till date. There are 2 types of impaction namely partial and complete impaction. A condition wherein only a fraction of the impacted tooth is erupted and visible to the naked eye, though it does not reach its level of occlusion is termed as partial impaction. Complete impaction is a condition where the tooth completely fails to erupt in the arch. Lack of space in the jaws or crowding of existing teeth is the main cause for impaction. This elicits access to the tooth and cleaning, difficult, thereby causing dental caries and resorption of root to the adjacent tooth depending on the type of impaction.The degree of difficulty of Impaction of mandibular third molars depends on the type of operation and the risk of postoperative complications, mainly iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury. Difficult extraction procedures such as impaction inflicts trauma to the tissues which inturn leads to inflammatory reaction culminating in postoperative complications.The most common postoperative complications are trismus or lockjaw and neurological disturbances. In recent days, there is a necessity for minimizing trauma in terms of difficult extraction procedures for better healing and to avoid post operative complications. From the study, it can be estimated that among 760 patients who have undergone impaction removal procedures, among which the number of male patients were 436 and the number of female patients were 324 . The male female ratio was 1.3:1 (male: female) . Predominant gender with maximum number of impaction removals was Male . To estimate the predominant age group of impaction removal, patients were divided into 3 age groups. Group 1 includes 18-30 years, group 2 includes 31-45 years and group 3 includes 46-70 years of age. From the study, it was estimated that impaction removal was commonly undergone by group 1 patients i.e. 18-30 years of age.
Keywords: Extraction, Impaction removal, Inferior alveolar nerve, Mandibular canal, Neurosensory disturbances
Cite Article: "MALE FEMALE RATIO AMONG PATIENTS UNDERGOING IMPACTION REMOVAL IN SAVEETHA DENTAL COLLEGE", International Journal of Science & Engineering Development Research (www.ijsdr.org), ISSN:2455-2631, Vol.6, Issue 7, page no.119 - 127, July-2021, Available :http://www.ijsdr.org/papers/IJSDR2107021.pdf
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Publication Details: Published Paper ID: IJSDR2107021
Registration ID:193471
Published In: Volume 6 Issue 7, July-2021
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Page No: 119 - 127
Publisher: IJSDR | www.ijsdr.org
ISSN Number: 2455-2631

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